We have all been reading about how smoking can harm the smoker as well as people who are constantly around him. Much has been written about lung cancer, sagging of skin, osteoporosis etc that are mainly caused as a result of smoking. We have also read how dreadful smoking can prove to be for women who are or wanting to be pregnant. In this article we will discuss some more health related problems that smoking can cause.
Women who are working harder, undergoing more stress, and as a result smoking harder leads to the killer-heart disease. The combination of women smokes and oral contraceptive users are at a risk of being affected with cardiovascular diseases like, blood clots, heart attacks, and strokes. Smoking and risk of heart disease and stroke are also highly inter-related. Amongst middle-aged women smokers the threat for heart disease is triple than that of middle-aged non-smoking women.
Smoking is also seen to directly affect women’s reproductive organs and reproductive health in general. Smoking has been linked to many types of cancers. Like cancer of the uterus, cervix, and vulva and also breast cancer. It is estimated that around 19 per cent of cervical cancer and similarly around 40% of vulvar cancer are a result of smoking. Women smokers who are suffering from HPV or human papilloma virus infection are more likely to be affected by invasive cancer of cervix than woman who do not smoke.
For women smoking can also cause harm to the ovaries and can result in a drop in estrogen. It has also been reported by leading research institutes that smokers are likely to hit an early menopause than the non-smoking counterparts, which again results in an earlier estrogen drop. Smoking also imbalance the functioning of the glands that regulate calcium levels in our bodies.
Women who smoke are more at a risk of developing lung cancer as compared to their male counterpart smokers. It has also been reported that women need fewer cigarettes to develop lung cancer as compared to men. Also when it comes to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, women who are smoking at present or have smoked at some point of time in their lives are more vulnerable to effects of tobacco on lung growth and function.
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