Receding gums are a normal part of the aging process. Receding gums problem occurs when the gums and bone in the mouth move away from the tooth. In some people it is noticed earlier than others. Receding gums may be a result of age, genetics, harsh brushing or some kind of gum disease or infection.
Misaligned teeth may also cause receding gums. They cause trouble to the bone and gums. Next, the gum recession exposes the roots, which in turn causes the teeth to become sensitive while eating hot, cold and sweet foods. Apart from this, excessive pressure may cause the gums to recede. Like grinding or clenching the teeth. One more cause is – excessive plaque built-up at the gum line due to improper or casual brushing. Meaning poor oral hygiene can also lead to receding gums. The bacteria on the plaque release toxic compounds that harm gum tissue.
If the problem is not too bad and has been diagnosed at an early stage, the dentists may prescribe an agent to desensitize the teeth. These agents are mostly in solution form and are simply applied to the sensitive area with the help of a cotton swab. Some medicated toothpastes may be prescribed which can provide temporary relief. If the teeth continue to cause discomfort, the dentist may advice you to go for composite resins or some other types of fillings, like amalgam or gold, that may be placed in the tooth. Also nutritional supplements like calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamin B complex, and vitamin C may be prescribed to prevent the decay and repair of gum tissue.
For severely receded gums, a graft from another part of the mouth may be the only option for treatment. For patients with healthy teeth and gums, there are two methods for the treatment of receding gums. In the first treatment, the dentist drills holes in the teeth and fills it up with a material that helps prevent the gums from receding further. This is the most common method used by dentists.
Most dentists do still not prefer second method, as the US Medical apex body does not approve it. In this method, instead of drilling holes in the teeth, the smooth surface of the tooth is roughened with a drill then a light coating of adhesive or filling material is applied to the tooth and allowed to dry slightly. Then it is exposed to a special blue light at a high intensity. This is followed with another layer of adhesive material. But like I said at the beginning its not preferred and chosen by dentists.
Those who have minor or serious gum disease, particularly those with accompanying receding gums should visit their dentist for check ups very regularly. Prevention, early diagnosis and treatment will help in avoiding loss of teeth and receding gums further.